Frequently asked questions

We have compiled a list of frequently asked questions regarding flat head syndrome and the treatment available at Orthotics UK.

What happens during the free assessment?

First of all you will pick which clinic is most convenient for you. You and your baby will then attend an appointment that will last between 30 minutes and an hour. At this appointment the orthotist will start with a visual assessment, measurements and sometimes a scan. This will determine if your child has a form of flat head syndrome. The orthotist will then run through the treatment options for you. Most commonly either positional techniques or helmet therapy.

What is an orthotist?

An orthotist is the primary medical clinician responsible for the prescription, manufacture and management of orthoses. An orthosis can have many uses including to control or support a limb or body segment or to limit the movement of a joint.

How much does helmet therapy cost?

A full treatment of helmet therapy costs £2,000. This includes assessments,helmet costs and all reviews.

How long will it take to get a helmet?

It takes 2 weeks to be manufactured from when the scan is taken.

How long does will child have to wear the helmet?

This depends on a number of factors including age, severity of shape and compliance. Normal treatment times are between 5-12 months. The helmet will need to be worn for 22-23 hours a day and removed for bathing.

Will the helmet therapy be uncomfortable for my baby?

No pressure is applied to your babies head so the helmet therapy is not uncomfortable. Most babies take to the helmets surprisingly quickly. The specifically designed helmet works by allowing the head to grow into the voids created. The skull is not squeezed back into shape, but the growth is redirect to fill the flattened area. Reviews are set in place to ensure the helmet doesn't become tight.

When is the best time to treat flat head syndrome?

If a child has a significant mis shaping to the head then we would look to provide helmet therapy after 4 months of age. The older a child gets the less flexible the skull becomes as the bony plates gradually fuse together. The sooner helmet therapy is applied generally the more successful the outcome and the treatment time is often shorter.

What will the helmet look like?

Our helmets are specifically designed for each baby. We do this by taking a quick scan and a series of measurements of your babies head. The helmet is made of thin lightweight plastic with soft padding inside.The helmet is held on without straps and we have many appealing designs to choose from. We can make the helmet a real fashion statement or in a clear or discreet colour. We will cater for whatever you so wish.

What will happen if I don’t treat my baby’s flat head syndrome?

If flat head syndrome is left without any treatment a misshapen head can continue into adolescence and adulthood. As the bones in the skull fuse by 2 years old helmet therapy is no longer a possible treatment option.

Can may baby’s head correct itself

In certain circumstance repositional techniques when applied under the age of 4 months can work well to correct an irregular head shape. The older a child get the more likely they will need a helmet as the bony plates in the head start to fuse by 18-24 months. Read more on positional techniques.

Will my baby have trouble sleeping during the course of helmet therapy?

We advise that initially the helmet is worn during the day to allow the baby and the babies skin to get used to the helmet. Once this breaking in period is over sleeping is not normally an issue.

What ages do you treat?

We typically treat children between the ages of 3 and 18 months.

Can you treat adults?

Unfortunately, because the shape of the head is fully formed by age 2, cranial helmet therapy cannot be used to correct an abnormal head shape in adults.

To get in touch or arrange an appointment, you can call us at 0330 088 3949 or email

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