Brachycephaly is a form of flat head syndrome. It is characterised by a flattening across the back of the head causing the head to be wider from ear to ear. The first obvious sign is that the babies face will be wider than normal. When looking from the side the head is normally taller at the rear aspect and slopes down to the forehead.


Brachycephaly is normally caused by babies consistently lying on the back of the head for long periods. Due to the soft nature of a baby’s skull it can quickly be misshapen.

Other reason for Brachycephaly could be:

  • Issues in the womb
  • Other medical conditions (torticollis)
  • Premature child

Please click here to understand what causes Brachycephaly (flat head syndrome) in more detail.

For babies aged under 4 months repositioning techniques to offload the head should be attempted first. This will hopefully improve the head shape without the need for helmet therapy. (Read more about repositioning techniques).

Understandably parents are often unsure if helmet therapy is suitable for their child. Orthotics UK provide a free assessment where we will discuss treatment options (including repositioning techniques), take scans, measurements and offer free advice. The sooner helmet therapy is undertaken the more successful it can be so if you have any doubts please do not hesitate to contact us.

If your child is deemed suitable for helmet therapy we will manufacture a helmet that is specifically designed for your child’s head. The manufacturing time is very fast and the helmet will need replacing with growth. Typically, three helmets are required during the treatment course (3-9 months) but this will depend on the amount of initial flattening, the child's age and compliance.

To get in touch or arrange an appointment, you can call us at 0330 088 3949 or email

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